Gianfranco Rosi ©Kino Lorber, 2016

In this essay, referring to the documentary films Fuocoammare and Black Mother, Krupa analyzes the filmmaker’s positionality and privilege. Through these ideas, they normalize colonial gaze, reinforce patriarchal structures, and challenge the norms of the prevalent practices. Krupa writes, with the understandings outlined in this paper, that a filmmaker, if they genuinely want to make a decolonial documentary which will stand right to its ethics of representation, needs to question what decoloniality as a praxis means, especially when they are not from the same class, race, or gender as their subject.
The filmmaker ought to ask: how can they be conscious of the gaze, so that they do not represent the other through the normalcy of heteronormativity, colonialism, racism, or victimising? And, how can they make documentaries where we can re-imagine the gaze?

‘”Gaze” in Documentary Film’